In 1932, in the wake of the second Round Table Conference, two pacts were concluded in quick succession between leaders of caste Hindus and the Depressed Classes. While the Poona Pact, associated with Mahatma Gandhi and B.R. Ambedkar, acquired a landmark status in modern Indian history, the earlier Rajah-Moonje Pact, espousing identical principles, has been all but eclipsed in popular memory. The Rajah-Moonje Pact was the first ever agreement on reservations and a joint electorate between caste Hindus and the Depressed Classes.
This work presents for the first time several documents pertaining to the joint-separate electorate debate that have hitherto escaped the attention of scholars.